Delirium is a state of confusion and disorientation. It can be caused by a number of things, including infection, medication side effects, or post-operative complications. It is most common in older people but can occur in anyone.

If you think someone may be experiencing delirium, it

There are a few key things to look for when trying to recognize delirium:

- A sudden onset of confusion or disorientation

- Difficulty concentrating or staying focused

- Short-term memory loss

- Changes in sleep patterns

- Irritability or agitation

- Disorientation (confusion about time, place, or person)

- Hallucinations

- Agitation or restlessness

- Sleep problems

Delirium is a common condition that can occur in hospitalized patients, particularly those who have undergone surgery. Around 20% of adults in hospitals will experience delirium at some point during their stay.

The patients most at risk are those that have experienced delirium before and have hearing or sight loss. This risk is increased when they receive a general anesthetic. The incidence can be reduced by taking a few simple steps before major surgery, where possible. These are eating healthily, reducing their alcohol intake, and taking regular exercise.

Delirium is most commonly linked to pain, poor nutrition, infection, constipation, dehydration, low levels of oxygen, slat or blood sugar levels, or an unfamiliar environment.

If you think someone may be delirious, it is important to seek medical help immediately. Delirium can be a sign of a serious underlying condition and can lead to complications if not treated promptly. Early recognition and treatment of delirium can help prevent these complications.

If you are caring for someone who is delirious, it is important to keep them calm and safe. You may also need to help them with basic tasks such as eating and drinking. Seek medical help if the person becomes more agitated or delirious, or if their condition does not improve.